The Tiroler Lech Nature Park is an extremely species-rich area. It is a reserve for many endangered plants!
After the ice ages, many plant species spread out on the gravel areas along the Lech towards the Alps or the Jura. Like no other river landscape in the Northern Alps, the Lech Valley is of central importance as a migration and dispersal line (floral bridge) for the flora between the Alps and the Jura. The Lech serves as a distribution axis. The seeds of the plants are not only spread by water, but also by wind. This allows them to spread both downstream and upstream. In this way, many plants can settle. But the close interlocking with the riparian forests also contributes decisively to the species richness, as many plants find a suitable habitat as a home here.
It is therefore not surprising that the floodplains are called the "jungles of Central Europe". No other landscape type in Central Europe is as diverse and species-rich! One third (1,116 species) of all plants native to Tyrol grow in the Tiroler Lech Nature Park. Of these, one third (392 species) are very valuable and classified as endangered and are at home on the Tyrolean Lech!