White wood hyacinth

Habitat: Riparian forests
Plant species: Orchids

White wood hyacinth

The White wood hyacinth (Platanthera bifolia) was named Orchid of the Year in 2011 by the Working Group of Native Orchids (AHO).

As a habitat, this species prefers Orchid calcareous soils, sparse deciduous, coniferous and mixed forests, forest edges, nutrient-poor grasslands, heaths and fens.
The stem of the white wood hyacinth grows to a height of 20 to 50 cm and has two lanceolate leaves above the base. Further up the stem, one to four small leaves can be recognised. The greenish-white flowers of the richly flowering spike have a spur up to 4 cm long.

The fragrant, sweet scent of the wood hyacinth is particularly strong at night. This odour attracts nocturnal butterflies, which can reach the nectar in the spur tip with their long proboscis.
The white wood hyacinth is protected under the Tyrolean Nature Conservation Ordinance 2006 and is listed there as a fully protected plant species.

Nature Park